Zhejiang Province, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.
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Situated 118'01"-123'08" east longitude and 27'01"-31'10" north latitude, it has an area of 101,800 square kilometers and a coastline of 2,200 kilometers. Zhejiang boasts the largest number of isles in China, totaling more than 2,100.
Zhejiang has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate, warm, humid and rainy. It has a mean annual temperature of 16-19ºC, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,100-1,900 mm. "Plum rains" occur between May and June and typhoons between summer and autumn.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 11 prefecture-level cities, 24 county-level cities, 38 counties and 1 autonomous county, with a population of 46.77 million by 2000, mainly ethnic groups of Han, Hui, Manchu and Miao.
Zhejiang Cuisine, one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China, is best represented by Hangzhou dishes, including Beggar's Chicken (which is especially delicious with a pleasant aroma of lotus leaves), Dongpo Pork, West Lake Vinegar Fish, Songsao Shredded Fish Soup, etc.
Kunqu, Shaoju, Yueju, etc.
Special Local Products
Among famous specialties are Hangzhou silk satin and brocade, Dragon-Well Tea, Jinhua Hem, sweet oranges of Huangyan, rice wine of Shaoxing.
Zhejiang Province, Zhe for short, got its named after its largest river, now known as the Qiantang River.
Zhejiang has well-developed fishery and light industry and textile industry, and its output of tea, Jute, and silk ranks the first place nationwide. Zhejiang is abundant in croakers, hair-tail fish, inkfish and freshwater fish. It is also the main producing place of green tea and bamboos. The North Zhe Plain is renowned as the Home for Fish and Rice and Home for Silk. Ningbo and Wenzhou cities are its two main ports.
Zhejiang is endowed with lush mountains and exquisite waters, and rich in historical and cultural resources. Main scenic spots and historical sites include the West Lake in Hangzhou, Putuo Mountain, the Thousand-Islet Lake, the East Lake in Shaoxing, the Nanxi River, Tiantai Mountian and Mogan Mountain.
Putuo Mountain, noted for its rough terrain and exquisite landscape, is one of the Four Great Buddhist Holy Mountains. Mogan Mountain, renowned as the Cool World, is the one of the four summer resorts in China.
Zhejiang is one of the ancient cities that celebrities in the past most often visited. It boasts three famous historic cities - Hangzhou, the Paradise on Earth; Ningbo, the ancient seaport; and Shaoxing, the City of Rivers and Canals.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.