Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
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Sichuan, in China's western hinterland, covers most of the Sichuan Basin. Surrounded by mountains, it is situated at 26'03"-34'20" north latitude and 97'22"-110'10" east longitude with an area of 567,000 square kilometers, accounting for 5.1% of China's total area. Sichuan is high in the west and low in the east in terms of topography. Generally speaking, the western part is plateaus and mountainous regions some 4,000 meters above sea level, while the eastern part features basin and hilly land with an elevation between 1,000 and 3,000 meters.
The climate in Sichuan is vastly different between its eastern and western parts. The Sichuan Basin has a humid sub-tropical monsoonal climate, with mild winters, hot summers, long frost-free period, plentiful rainfall and mist, high humidity, and less sunshine. Its average temperature in July, the hottest month, is 25-29oC; in January, the coldest month, 3-8oC. The Western Sichuan Plateau with its plateau climate has lower temperature and less rainfall than the Sichuan Basin, both of which differ again in the southern and northern sections of the plateau.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 5 districts, 3 autonomous prefectures, 13 prefecture-level cities, 18 county-level cities, 124 counties, and 3 autonomous counties, with a population of 83.29 million as of 2000.
Sichuan Cuisine, one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China, emphasizes the use of chili, red hot peppers and garlic. Typical menu items are: Hot Pot, Smoked Duck, Kung Pao Chicken, Twice Cooked Pork, Mapo Tofu. Shuizhu Niurou (steamed beef with a variety of seasonings and spices), Yuxiang Rousi (a roast pork dish cooked with bamboo shoots, mushrooms), Zhangcha Duck (salted, smoked duck), etc.
Chuanju (Sichuan Opera), Xieju (comic opera)
Sichuan Province, Shu for short, is located in southwest China, with Chengdu as its capital city. Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products. It is listed as one of China's major producers of rice, wheat, cotton, rapeseeds, raw silk, oil-bearing crops, meat, and fruit, and also holds a significant place in production of medicinal herbs, pigs and cattle. Sichuan's major industrial products are metals, coal, petroleum, machinery, electric power, well salt, chemicals, electronics, textiles and foodstuff etc.
Sichuan is known as the "Land of Abundance" and has three places listed as the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, namely the Jiuzhaigou Scenic Area, the Huanglong Scenic Area, and Emei Mountain including the Leshan Giant Buddha. Visitors to this province can experience a wide variety of beautiful landscapes including plateaus, mountains, ravines, basins, hills, plains, rivers, lakes, hot springs, waterfalls and limestone caves. Most of the rivers in Sichuan belong to the Yangtze River system.
Sichuan is gifted with lush mountains and exquisite waters, and abounds in historical and cultural resources. Its main scenic spots and historical sites include Emei Mountain, Qingcheng Mountain, and Long Valley, the Dujiangyan Irrigation System, Leshan Giant Buddha, and Jiuzhaigou (Nine-Village Valley). The Wolong Nature Reserve in Sichuan is home to the Chengdu Giant Panda Research Base, one of the most important centers in the world for the captive conservation of the Giant Panda.
As one of the largest provinces, Sichuan has more than 15 minority groups living with the Han people. Among these are the Yi, Hui, Tibetan and Miao peoples. Each of these minorities has its own charm, ethnic style and folk custom. Some of the ethical festivals like Leshan Great Buddha International Tourist Festival, Southland Ice and Snow Festival, Liangshan Yi Minority Torch Festival and Zigong Lantern Festival have become Sichuan's unique tourist resources.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.