Shenzhen was designated as a special economic zone by the central government in 1980.
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The special economic zone has created an economic miracle in China, growing from a small fishing town to a prosperous modern city over the past 20 years. The fast pace of the city touches the life of everyone living there, whether s/he is a farmer, a fisherman/fisherwoman or someone who has emigrated there in search of a better life. All of them have witnessed remarkable changes in a city where everyone is given an equal chance. Shenzhen is a city of hope, a city full of opportunities, a city drawing thousands of talented people from across the country and around the world, and a city with modern skyscrapers, and shopping malls. It is also a city with clean air, blue sky and a mild climate, a city with convenient transportation, and a city with beautiful night views and colourful entertainment,
With the exciting stories of this “overnight city” still lingering in people’s minds, Shenzhen, gearing up to make more miracles will come true in the 21st century.
Bordering the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Shenzhen lies in the southern part of South China’s Guangdong Province. It encompasses 2,020 square kilometers and consists of six administrative districts—Futian, Luohu, Nanshan, Yantian, Bao’an, and Longgang. During over the past 20 years, Shenzhen has emerged as a major base and exporter of electrical appliances, garmenta, toys, timepieces, jewellery, furniture, food, building materials and leather in China. The city’s powerful leading industries, especially the high-tech sector, have played a prominent role in weathering the several economic problems that came with the Asian financial meltdown. With stepping up the development of high technologies, the city will also upgrade its various important traditional industries instead of abandoning them.
Shenzhen boasts the Huangtian International Airport, the fourth largest in the country, as well as ports with a combined container handling volume ranking second in the nation and an extensive network of freeways and highway. Its tourist sites and recreational facilities such as picturesque beaches, farmlands, eight golf courses, attract lots of tourists, a large number of whom come from the neighbouring Hong Kong and Macao.
Shenzhen set up its First border station in 1887, when it had only a small railway station and a wooden bridge. Over one hundred years have elapsed since then and the number of entry point has greatly increased. The city now has ports of entry from land, air, and sea.
The First Tower in Shenzhen is a very modern building and is capable of satisfying the needs of any person or business that rents space there. The building is comprised of a Grade A office building, business apartments, a shopping mall and a luxurious business center. The First Tower covers a total floor space of 6,009 square meters, with a total height of 208 meters. The building’s modern design shows off its elegance and grandeur standing in the economic center of the city.
Splendid China 锦绣中华
Located next to China Folk Culture Villages is Splendid China, which at present has the world’s largest display of miniature landmarks. These include some of China’s most famous historical monuments, tourist attractions and scenic spots. Examples of them are the Great Wall, the Forbidden City in Beijing, Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum and his terra-cotta army in Shanxi, the Giant Buddha of Leshan in Sichuan, the Mogao Grottoes at Dunhuang, Gansu, Potala Palace in Lhasa, Tibet, Stone Forests in Kunming, Yunnan, the Three Gorges of the Yangtze River and many others. Visitors can tour 9.6-million-square-kilometer China and get spectacular views of all these and See in this vast country, all within a single day !
Xili Lake 西丽湖
Situated on the foot of the Kylin Mountain in the northwest of the special zone, 30 kilometers from the city proper, Xili Lake Country Club (formerly named Xili Reservoir Country Club) declared its new name in 1982. The Club has its own unique style in architectural design. The magnificent scenery of Xili Lake is embellished ever more charming and beautiful with the globe-like rotating restaurant, the several hundred-meter long Xili Long Walk, which is even longer than the Long Corridor of Summer Palace in Beijing, the Xili Tower, which follows the example of the Yuan-Yang Tower of Riyue Pool of Taiwan Province. The Club is open to both domestic and overseas tourists.
China Ethnic Culture Demonstration Villages 中国民俗文化村
Encompassing 158,000 square meters and situated on the rim of Shenzhen Bay, China Ethnic Culture Demonstration Villages boast 24 different ethnic groups. An assemblage of the diversified forms of ethnic folk art in China, the Villages are a treat for tourists in terms of folk art, conventions, customs and dwellings of the ethnic groups as well as of the landscapes in the regions where they reside.
From the Dai people of Yunnan Province, in southwestern China to the Uygur people in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region in the northwest, from the Tibetans on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau to the Koreas along the Yalu River in the northeast, and from Gaoshan people in Taiwan Province to the Mongolians in the steppes in the north, more than 20 reproduced Villages of minority nationalities, along with their traditional ornaments and furnishings, rich custms and Culture appear before tourists’ eyes.
Within the compound of the villages, there are a 1,000-hand and 1,000-eye statue of Guanyin Buddha, about 23 meters high, a unique cluster of stone archways in Huizhou, a magnificent Lamaist temple in Tibet, a drum tower, a wind and rain bridge in Guizhou, an ancient cave in Miao village, a rattan bridge in Yunnan Province, a stone bridge in water village in Zhejiang Province, a wooden bridge in Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, and many others. They will definitely lead tourists into the long course of history of traditional Chinese culture.
The Villages also unfold an ingenious organization of the quintessential sights spread widely over the vast territory of China—undulating mountains, roaring water falls, zigzagging blue rivers, racing boats in full sail, clustered coconut trees in the tropical Hainan Province, 1,000-year-old ancient banyan tree in Xishuangbanna, wing-spreading peacocks, and roaming elephants.
Tourists are free to take part in demonstrative performance of the varied folk customs and conventions and in the folk dances tasting of antiquity, simplicity, purity, and beauty. Furthermore, they can also savour the various kinds of ethnic local flavours and snacks. When the night falls and the evening lights are lit, with loud music filling the air, the grand art parade begins. The vigorous drum-beating bands, the awe-inspiring totemic square formations, the jubilant dragon-lantern dance, the jocular festive amusement gatherings will lend tourists into a strange and mysterious world. Also going on are the wedding ceremonies in the ethnic villages, the campfire evening parties and the spurting of laser musical fountains. What a dream-like fairyland ! Particularly remarkable are regularly-held various folk festive celebrations such as the March 3rd Song Festival, Torch Festival, Water Splashing Festival, and Dragon-Boat Festival. They are permeated with grandeur, romance, joy and auspiciousness and provide one with both enjoyment and experience in the poetic aspects of life of the Chinese ethnic groups.
The Villages include the dwelling buildings of Bai, Buyi, Dai, Dong, Han, Hani, Hui, Jingbo, Li, Kazak, Korean, Manchu, Miao, Mosuo people (a branch of Naxi), Naxi, Tibetan, Uygur, Wa, Yao, Yi, and Zhuang nationalities, totaling 23 in all.
Their Villages and houses, which are in reality miles apart, are within just a few ninutes’ walk from each other. Each ethnic group has its own particular customs and life style.The examples of them are the Uygur tribesmen love to play an instrument called the dongbula (a plucked stringed instrument used by the Kazak nationality), and wrestling is the Mongolian’s favourite pastime.
The most stunning performance is a sacred ritual, which includes climbing barefoot up a ladder of blades, performed by the high priests of the Dong tribe. Tourists who doubt the genuineness of the performance are invited to go up and inspect the blades in person. In the villages, visitors can also try the many different minority cuisines available, including tea made by the Dong people and wine brewed by the Miao minority.
A grand parade takes place, led by a troop of Shanxi drummers, which is then followed by floats, each decked out according to the artistic traditions of the different ethnic groups. Then come acrobats on stilts and a spectacle called “Bei Ge,” where one or two young children dressed in colourful costumes are held up by hidden iron frames tied to the shoulders of an adult, so that it looks as if they were both balancing on his shoulders. When the musical fountain turns on, visitors can See streams of water shooting into the air in time to music. Visitors will also be treated to a laser spectacle, in which colourful laser beams radiate from the forehead and palms of the Thousand-ARMED Goddess of Mercy.