Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
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Shanghai, a municipality directly under the Central Government, is situated 31.4 degrees north latitude and 121.29 degrees east longitude. It lies in the middle of China's mainland coastline and Yangtze River's entrance to the sea, covering an area of 6,185 square kilometers, with 145 square kilometers of the city districts and 6,040 square kilometers of the suburban area.
Shanghai has a sub-tropical climate--mild and humid with four distinct seasons. It has a mean annual temperature of 15ºC -- the hottest month, August, averaging 28ºC and the coldest month, January, 3ºC -- and a mean annual precipitation of 1,100 mm. It is often visited by typhoons between summer and autumn.
Administrative Division and Population
Shanghai is divided into 18 districts and 1 county, with a population of over 16.74 million people.
Huju opera, Yueju opera, burlesque, Pingtan opera
Shanghiai food is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China. "Braised Meat" is one of its dishes with special flavor; the meat is cooked with different spices for a long time to absorb the flavor of spices and is tender when it is ready.
Shanghai, "Hu" for short, is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government. During the Warring States Period (475-221BC), Shanghai first belonged to the Yue State, then to the Chu State. King Lie of the Chu State appointed Huang Xie as his prime minister and bestowed him the title of Lord Chunshen. Shanghai was part of his feoff. The old name of Shanghai "Shen" was derived from this.
The name "Shanghai" actually came during the Song Dynasty (960-1279), when Shanghai became a new rising trade port. The mother River Huangpu River, which runs through Shanghai and empties into the Yangtze River, has 18 creeks and one of the creeks was called "Shanghai Creek" -- near the Bund, thus the town nearby was called Shanghai Town. Later this whole area is named "Shanghai". By the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Shanghai became China's largest textile center and business was developing fast.
After the Opium War in 1840, Shanghai was opened as a trade port to foreign powers that set up their concessions there through imposing unequal treaties on China. In the century or more that followed, Shanghai became the largest base of imperialist aggression in China, known in the West as an "adventurers' paradise".
A city with a glorious revolutionary record in modern Chinese history, Shanghai was where the Chinese Communist Party was founded in July 1921. On July 7, 1927, Shanghai was proclaimed as a special municipality. On May 27, 1949, Shanghai was really liberated.
Nowadays, Shanghai is the biggest city and the largest commercial and financial center in China. It is an important hub of communications with an easy access to the outside world by all means of transport: ocean, offshore and inland water shipping, highway and railroad transport, air flights etc. Via the Yangtze River and the Huhang (Shanghai to Hangzhou) and Jingguang (Beijing to Shanghai) Railways, it becomes the communication hinge connecting all parts of China. As the biggest seaport in China as well as one of the ten largest seaports in China, the port of Shanghai has trade links with ports of over 100 countries and regions. It also has over 40 inland and international airlines, connecting it with inland big cities as well as international cities like Tokyo, Osaka, Bombay, Athens, Geneva, Zurich and Karachi. About one third of external communication of China is transmitted by Shanghai Satellite Ground Station and Sino-Japanese Benthonic Cable.
As the biggest industrial center in China, Shanghai ranks first in industrial production as well as scientific and technological level. Its coastal area abounds in resources of fish and salt.
Shanghai is situated at the delta of the Yangtze River, guarding the gateway of the Yangtze River in the north, facing the sea in the east and bordering the scenic city of Hangzhou Bay in the south. It is one of the six best travel sites in China. With its abundant beautiful gardens, cultural relics, museums and temples, Shanghai attracts thousands of visitors both at home and abroad every year.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.