Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
Random photo: Impressions of China
Shandong (literally means east of mountain) takes its name from its location to the east of the Taihang Mountains. It is situated on the eastern coast of China, in the lower Yellow River valley. The Shandong Peninsula in the east protrudes between the Bohai Sea and the Huanghai Sea from the land mass and faces the Liaodong Peninsula in the north across the Bohai Straits, forming the maritime outpost of the nation's capital, Beijing. Situated 34"25"-38"23" north latitude and 114"36"-112"43" east longitude, the Province has an area of 153,000 square kilometers, of which 55% is plain.
Shandong has a warm-temperate monsoonal climate, with hot, rainy summers and dry, sunny winters. It has a mean annual temperature of 10.5C-13.5C -- the hottest month, July, averaging 24-27C and the coldest month, January, -4-1C -- and a mean annual precipitation of 550-950 mm.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 17 prefecture-level cities, 31 county-level cities and 61 counties, with a population of 90.79 million by 2000.
Lu Cuisine (Shandong Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China.
Opera, Shandong Kuaishu (singing and reciting, an art genre of Chinese Quyi)
Local Special Products
Renowned traditional local products include clocks and watches of Yantai, porcelain of Zibo, kites of Weifang, shell carving and beer of Qingdao.
Shandong Province is called Lu for short. Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops. It usually ranks first or second in production output. Shandong is also well known for its tobacco, fruit, peanuts, tussah silks, meat, and marine products. Its major mineral deposits include coal, petroleum, iron, aluminium, and gold. The coastal area is abundant in fish and salt. Shandong's industry covers oil extraction, processing, machinery, electric power, chemicals, foodstuff, textile, arts and crafts, and papermaking, etc.
With railway as its mainstay of transport, Shandong is one of the provinces with the most dense highway network. It has seaports like Qingdao, Yantai, Weihai, and Rizhao, etc. Major cities are Jinan, Qufu, Qingdao, Yantai, Weifang, and Zibo.
Shandong is rich in historical and cultural resources, and gifted with beautiful landscapes, with 157 cultural relics preservation sites under the state protection. Among its famous scenic spots and historical sides are Taishan Mountain, Laoshan Mountain, the Lingyan Temple, seaside of Jiaodong Peninsular, Confucius Family Mansion, Confucius Woods and Temple in Qufu, etc. Qufu and Jinan cities are famous historical and cultural cities in the world. Jinan, capital of Shandong Province, is known as the City of Springs with the famous Daming Lake and at least 72 famous springs.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.