The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, usually in February or March in the Gregorian calendar.
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As early as the Western Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 25), it had become a Festival with great significance.
This day's important activity is watching lanterns. Throughout the Han Dynasty (206 BC-AD 220), Buddhism flourished in China. One emperor heard that Buddhist monks would watch sarira, or remains from the cremation of Buddha's body, and light lanterns to worship Buddha on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, so he ordered to light lanterns in the imperial palace and temples to show respect to Buddha on this day. Later, the Buddhist rite developed into a grand Festival among common people and its influence expanded from the Central Plains to the whole of China.
Till today, the Lantern festival is still held each year around the country. Lanterns of various shapes and sizes are hung in the streets, attracting countless visitors. Children will hold self-made or bought lanterns to stroll with on the streets, extremely excited.
"Guessing Lantern riddles"is an essential part of the Festival. Lantern owners write riddles on a piece of paper and post them on the lanterns. If visitors have solutions to the riddles, they can pull the paper out and go to the Lantern owners to check their answer. If they are right, they will get a little gift. The activity emerged during people's enjoyment of lanterns in the Song Dynasty (960-1279). As riddle guessing is interesting and full of wisdom, it has become popular among all social strata.
People will eat yuanxiao, or rice dumplings, on this day, so it is also called the "Yuanxiao Festival."Yuanxiao also has another name, tangyuan. It is small dumpling balls made of glutinous rice flour with rose petals, sesame, bean paste, jujube paste, walnut meat, dried fruit, sugar and edible oil as filling. Tangyuan can be boiled, fried or steamed. It tastes sweet and delicious. What's more, tangyuan in Chinese has a similar pronunciation with "tuanyuan¡±, meaning reunion. So people eat them to denote union, harmony and happiness for the family.
In the daytime of the Festival, performances such as a dragon Lantern dance, a lion dance, a land boat dance, a yangge dance, walking on stilts and beating drums while dancing will be staged. On the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene. Most families spare some fireworks from the Spring Festival and let them off in the Lantern Festival. Some local governments will even organize a fireworks party. On the night when the first full moon enters the New Year, people become really intoxicated by the imposing fireworks and bright moon in the sky.
More About Traditional Chinese Festivals
- Double Ninth Festival
The 9th day of the 9th lunar month is the traditional Chongyang Festival, or .
- Dragon Boat Festival
The , the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, has had a history of more than 2,000 years.
- Laba Festival
In China, December of the lunar calendar is called the La month, so the date of December 8th is also the .
- Lantern Festival
The falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, usually in February or March in the Gregorian calendar.
- Mid-Autumn Festival
The falls on the 15th day of the 8th lunar month, usually in October in Gregorian calendar.
- Mongolian Festivals
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- Qingming Festival
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- Spring Festival
The is the most important festival for the Chinese people and is when all family members get together, just like Christmas in the West.
- Spring Festival Custom Of Ethnic Minority Groups
Besides Han, many ethnic minority groups also have their own ways to celebrate this traditional festival.
- Tibetan Festivals
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- Winter Solstice Festival
The Winter Solstice became a festival during the Han Dynasty and thrived in the Tang and Song dynasties.