Jilin Province is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
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Jilin Province, one of China's important agricultural provinces in the central part of northeast China, gets its name from the city of the same name in the province. It is situated at 40"52"-46"18" north latitude and 121"38"-131"17" east longitude, with an area of more than 187,400 square kilometers. The Baiyun Peak (the White Cloud Peak) of Changbai Mountains lying in the east of Jilin is 2,691 meters above sea level, which is the highest in Northeast China.
Jilin has a temperate continental monsoonal climate. It is the climatic transition zone between the northern and southern parts of northeast China, with cold and long winters, warm, short and rainy summers, and a windy spring and autumn, with ever-changing weather. Jilin has a mean annual temperature of 2-6oC, and a mean annual precipitation of 400-800 mm.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 1 autonomous prefecture, 8 prefecture-level cities, 20 county-level cities, 18 counties and 3 autonomous counties, with a population of 27.28 million, of which 7% are from ethnic minorities, such as Korean, Manchu, Mongolian, Hui, Xibe and Daur.
Jilin cuisine mainly features ginseng, bears' paw and other precious products. Yanbian cold noodles are known worldwide.
Jiju, also named Er Ren Zhuan, is the typical Changchun art genre, a combination of local dancing, singing and oral literature.
Jilin Province is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun. The northwestern part of the Province is a section of the Songliao Plain which teems with maize. In agriculture, Jilin is rich in maize, soybean, rice, sorghum and oilseed, the yield of beet is at the forefront in China, and the output of ginseng is about 80%. The traditional specialties are pilose antler, ginseng, marten, which are called "three treasures" in the northeast, an d Changchun ginseng cigarette, Jilin Sanbao wine, Tonghua wine, etc.
It has abundant forest reserves, fertile land and vast grasslands. Mainly, the mineral resources are coal, iron, copper and gold. Its automobile industry occupies an important place in China.
In Jilin, the railway and the highway are very convenient, and the railway is the main means of traffic. The Second-Songhua River is the chief water transportation, and the city of Changchun is the center of aviation.
The world-famous Changbai Mountains, the source of the Tumen, Yalu, and Songhua rivers, are one of the most beautiful areas in China. Endowed with rich natural resources and charming scenery, the mountains are dotted with scenic spots. A nature preserve has been established here to protect the area's animals and plants. Together with the nature preserves in Wolong of Sichuan Province and Dinghu Mountain of Guangdong Province, it has become a base for international scientific research into China's indigenous wildlife. Other scenic spots and historical sites include Jilin Songhua Lake and the Puppet Manchurian Imperial Palace Museum.
The Korean ethnic group in Jilin has distinguished characteristics in terms of costume, architecture, and folk arts. The Koreans like athletic sports like football, wrestling, skating, springboard and playing swing. The women are fond of playing gangplank and swing. Football is especially popular among the Korean men, and Yanbian area has a reputation of the land of football. The Korean people are especially good at singing and dancing. The famous folk dances include the Tambourin Dance, Fan Dance, Carrying Water Dance, Sword Dance, Dance of Happy Farmers, etc. Cold noodles are their most popular food.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.