An Introduction to Jilin Province.
Random photo: Impressions of China
Jilin shares a borderline spanning more than 1,400 kilometers with the Russian Federation and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK).
Bordering on Russia in the east and facing the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, across the rivers of Yalu and Tumen in the southeast, Jilin Province is located in the center of Northeast China, with Liaoning Province to its south, Inner Mongolia on its west and Heilongjiang Province to the north. The name Jilin is the abbreviation of Jilinwula and its transliteration comes from Manchu language.
The towering Mount Changbai and the rolling waves of the Songhua River, a boundless stretch of plain feature the province. Touring on this crane loved land with convenient transportation and nice hotel accommodations, many unique places attract the tourist, such as the Palace Museum of the last Qing Emperor, fascinating Film Studio, the rimy pines, the heritage of Koguryo, the fabulous Ginseng Road, Ice and Snow Festival of (Soft) Rime (or rime) in Jilin, Changbai International Film Festival, Festival of Native Customs of Korean nationality in Yanbian and the Customs of the Ancient Manchu Nationality, all leaving beautiful memory. Also it is the best place to purchase the famous three treasures in Northeast China 东北三宝：ginseng人参（Ginseng is well known for its tonic effect 人参是滋补身体的名药），sable（fur）貂（皮）deer（antler）梅花鹿（茸）。Soft rime （or rime）in Jilin吉林雾凇，together with sunrise at Mount Tai in Shandong Province 山东泰山日出，sea of clouds over Huangshan in Anhui Province 安徽黄山云海，and Qiantang rolling-tide in Zhejiang Province浙江钱塘潮涌，are reputed as four marvelous natural phenomena in China.中国的四大自然奇观。
China’s Wetlands 中国的湿地
China’s wetlands (known as the Ramsar Wetlands) boasted 21, totaling 3.03 million hectares. By designating these sites, China can protect the habitants of migratory birds and dish, as will as a wide range of wildlife including dolphins, seals and turtles. It will also benefit vast areas of biological richness with Worldwide Fund for Nature (WWF) designation such as the Yangtze River and the Yellow River. China’s contribution highlights its conservation leadership and shows the steps countries can take to protect the natural world. China became a member of the Ramsar (Iran) Convention in 1992, pledging to take part in international conservation actions to protect wetlands. In 1992 China added its first Wetlands to the list of Wetlands of International Importance. China plans to set up another 333 wetland reserves in the next 10 years to bring the total to 643, and will protect more than 90 per cent of China’s natural wetland reserves. Wetlands are areas of marsh, fen, peatland or water, and can be natural or artificial, permanent or temporary. Wetlands can be freshwater, brackish or salt water, and can be static or flowing. The depth of marine water cannot exceed 6 meters at low tide. They are among the world’s most productive environments with amazing biological diversity that provide the water upon which countless species of plants and animals depend for survival. Of the 20,000 species of fish in the world, more than 40 per cent live in fresh water. Wetlands are also important storehouses of plant genetic material. Rice, for example, which is a common wetland plant, is the staple diet of more than half of humanity.
Saving Wetland Can Save Cranes
An internationally sponsored project to protect white cranes is going along smoothly in China. The goal of the project, backed by global environment facilities, is to strengthen the protection of major wetland areas in China, Russia, Kazakhstan and Iran that are crucial to the survival of white cranes and other endangered migrant birds. Its designed timetable runs from 2003 to 2009. The project in China involves five locations: the Poyang Lake area in East China’s Jiangxi Province, Zhalong Nature Reserve in Northeast China’s Heilongjiang Province, Xianghai and Momge Nature Mongolia Autonomous Region. The project will help in the construction of a wetland network to protect endangered bird species in Asia and help solve the conflict between ecosystems and the nation’s economy.
There are only 3,000 white cranes left in the world. Most of them are based in Siberia, and migrant annually through Heilongjiang and Jilin provinces to spend the Winter in Poyyang Lake in Jiangxi Province. Chins had set up 353 wetland nature reserves by 2003, which are home to 33 rare water fowl.
Capital Cities and Tombs of China's Ancient Koguryo Kingdom 中国高句丽王城、王陵及贵族墓葬
Capital cities and tombs of China’s ancient Koguryo Kingdom were inscribed on the World Heritage List on July 2, 2004 by the 28th Session of the World Heritage Committee Convention in Suzhou, East China’s Jiangsu Province. The ruins are scattered in Ji’an City of Northeast China’s Jilin Province and Huanren Manchu Autonomous County of the neighbouring Liaoning Province. They include remains of three cities and 40 tombs, Wunü Mountain City, Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City, with 14 tombs of imperial families and 26 of nobles 主要包括五女山城、国内城、丸都山城、14座王陵、26座贵族墓葬。They all belong to the Koguryo culture, named after the dynasty that ruled over parts of northern China and the northern half of the Korean Peninsula from 37 BC to AD 668.
The distribution of the Koguryo ruins overlaps with the land used for production and daily life of one third of the city’s population. In March 2003, civil servants with 43 departments of Ji’an City government moved out of the City government building, which was built on the ruins of Guonei City of Koguryo Kingdom, to work in 20 separate places. The original location of the City government building has now been turned into a Koguryo Kingdom Ruins Park, where archaeololgical workers discovered a large site of palace ruins.
Huanren Manchu Autonomous County in Liaoning Province, where the early capital of Wunü Koguryo regime was situated, has not only published a set of rules on the site, but also enlarged the protected areas to 34 square kilometers, while making detailed provisions on cultural relics, natural landscape and the bilolgical environment inside the area. The local government dismantled a 75-meter-long cableway and two factories inside the protected area, where some 66 hectares of arable land had been reverted to green and 500 modern graves relocated elsewhere. Also the local government financed the compilation of materials about the Koguryo ruins to be used as textbooks among primary and middle school students.
Guonei City, Wandu Mountain City, King’s tombs and Nobles’ s tombs, both Guonei City and Wandu Mountain City, capitals of the early and middle Koguryo Kingdom, are the masterpieces of capital construction, while the ancient tombs are the epitome of Koguryo’s high architectural and art achievements.
The selection committee also agreed to put the Complex of the Koguryo Tombs, which is inside the Democratic People’ s Republic of Korea (DPRK) on the heritage list in 2004.
Jilin (City) 吉林市
Its industries include chemicals, electrical power, metallurgy, paper making, and sugar refinery,. Chemical industry if most famous in the city, and the City has been dubbed “the City of chemical industry.” Of interest to visitors are North Mountain and Dragon Pool Mountain.
Songhua Lake 松花湖
Spreading out in the middle part, southeast of Jilin City and among the Yongji City, Jiaohe City and Huadian County, Songhua Lake encompasses 425 square kilometers. The surface of the lake is at an elevation of 266.5 meters, with the deepest of the lake being 77.5 meters. It has water storage of 10.8 billion cubic meters.
It is the man-made lake on the upper reaches of Songhua River. At the estuary of the lake is the Fengman Hydropower Station. The scenery of the lake is fantastic and charming, famous for soft rime (or hoar frost). Points of interest include Aohua Platform 鳌花台, Stone Dragon Wall (Screen) 石龙壁, Camel Summit骆驼峰, Five-Tiger Isle 五虎岛, and Reclining (or Recumbent) Dragon Pool卧龙潭. It is a key national scenic spot.
Located in the central part of Northeast China, and dubbed the City of cars, forests, films, science and culture, Changchun is the area’s transportation hub, with rail, road and air routes linking it to the rest of China and the world. The City is also an educational and technological research center for Northeast China. It has a number of research institutions and universities. It has many large enterprises, including the First Automotive Work and Changchun Bus Works, which are important players in their industries.
The Imperial Palace Museum of the Bogus “Manchuguo” 伪满洲国皇宫博物馆
Located in Changchun, the palace was the residence of China’s last emperor, Aisin-gioro Puyi and his four wives from 1932 to 1945, when he acted as the emperor of the puppet state “Manchuguo,” established by Japan in Northeast China. In 1932, the Japanese Army, which then occupied the whole of Northeast China, founded a puppet regime in the former Jilin-Heilongjiang Exclusive Salt Transportation Bureau, (the present site of the palace) to consolidate its rule over the region. Puyi, the last emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) dethroned in 1912, became the puppet emperor of the regime with the help of Japanese imperialists.
Encompassing 137,000 square meters, the palace was composed of 10 buildings of diversified architectural styles such as Gothic, Japanese and traditional Chinese. As the main buildings used for dealing with official affairs, an imperial garden, a tennis court, a swimming pool, dinning halls as well as painting and calligraphy halls were all used at the time. During his 14 years of puppet life, Puyi signed thousands of laws and decrees in the palace in accordance with the orders of the Japanese Army. The Imperial Palace provides a true reflection of Japan’s invasion of China and its enslavement of the Chinese people. Through revealing the complicated life of Puyi, the visitor can get a glimpse of the disgraceful and tragic colonial life of Northeastern people in that period. The palace has been listed as a famous historic relic and patriotic education base to learn about the past. Since its opening to the public in 1984, it has hosted over 4 million tourists. A total of 600 million yuan (US $ 72.3 million) earmarked to the project. After the renovation of the palace it has become a showcase and research center on the history and culture of the puppet state. In addition the race course, swimming pool and rockery that originally existed in the palace have been rebuilt in line with Manchurian flavour to attract more tourists.
More About The Jilin Province
- Changbai Mountains in Jilin Province
Changbai Mountains in Jilin Province Covered by primitive forests, Changbai Mountains contributes to most of the prefecture’s excellent scenery.