Jiangsu is the birthplace of many of China’s important national industries.
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Jiangsu Province (a land flowing with milk and honey鱼米之乡) makes the most of its productive locale in the Yangtze River Delta. The Province is the birthplace of many of China’s important national industries.
Six sectors—petrochemicals, electronics, machinery, textiles, building materials and food processing—are the province’s pillar industries. To develop these industries, many large and modern enterprises have been put into operation.
Township enterprises are expanding rapidly as well. Their output value is two thirds of the province’s total.
Since the reforms and opening-up policies took effect in the late 1970s, Jiangsu’s economy developed rapidly and sustained itself. In over the past 20 years, the annual growth rate was 12.8 per cent.
A modern transportation network has gradually sprowled across the province. The Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway (dubbed the “busiest golden road,” helps shorten the time taken to travel between Shanghai and Nanjing. The investment in the expressway totaled some 10 billion yuan or US $ 1.2 billion), as well as the Nanjing-Liangyungang and Nanjing-Nantong grade 1 highways, currently open to traffic, have made economic and social development easier.
Two other projects, the Nanjing Lukou International Airport and South Jiangsu section of the Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal, have been completed. A third transportation magnet, the Jiangyin Yangtze River Road Bridge opened to traffic.
Construction on two other key projects, the Nanjing Yangtze River No 2 Bridge and the North Jiangsu Expressway, has been accelerated.
Situated in the southeast of Jiangsu Province, Changzhou lies in the north of Lake Tai, south of the Yangtze River, and ancient Jinghang (Beijing-Hangzhou) Canal runs through the city. It is easy to access either by air or by rail to any part of the country. The city has a history of more than 2,500 years. The climate is mild and there are four distinct seasons. Of interest to visitors include the Heavenly Tranquillity Temple, Mooring Pavilion Park, Red Plum Park, Writing Brush Pagoda, and Liynag Tianmu Lake Tourism and Holiday Resort (known as a “bright pearl” in the south of the Yangtze River).
Chinese Dinosaur Park 中国恐龙园
Construction of the Dinosaur Park in Changzhou, Jiangsu Province started on September 20, 1997 and it was completed and opened to the public on September 20, 2000, taking three years to complete. Occupying an area of 3.33 hectares or 8.22 acres (33,235 square meters), about 197 million yuan (US $ 23 million) has invested in the museum (the first phase of the project), which exhibits rare mineral specimens, fossilized dinosaurs and primitive birds. Thirty-six dinosaur skeletons (fossils) discovered in China are on show in the hall, which is equipped with advanced audio and visual facilities. The Ministry of Land and Resources, China Geological Museum and the local government have all sponsored the hall.
Writing Brush Pagoda 文笔塔
Writing Brush Pagoda was first built in the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127), with a history of more than 1,000 years. The pagoda is an exquisitely built 7-storey high pagoda. The view from the pagoda at the top sweeps over the whole city. Within the pagoda ground there are some other points of interest, such as Red Plum Tower, Brush-Rest Rockeries, the Hall of Changzhou’s Historical Figures, Art Museum of Root Carving.
Yancheng City 淹城
With a history of more than 3,000 years, Yancheng City is the best-preserved ground city-state in China. There are three moat wall (built with earth) protection systems, encircled one after the other. Its construction is really unique throughout the world. The major scenic spots within the Yancheng City include Yancheng City Museum, Forest and Gehu Tourist Attraction.
Zhou Enlai Memorial in Huai'an 淮安周恩来纪念堂
Zhou Enlai (1898-1976) was born in Huai’an on March 5, 1898 and spent 12 years of his childhood threw. Zhou was very strict when he was alive, and never allowed publicity about himself. Not until he passed away, did his former residence on Fuma Lane in Huai;an open to the public. A memorial was built in Taohuayin, a famous scenic area of the city of Huai’an.
Taohuayin was most popular during the Song and Yuan dynasties, with its “18 scenes” of both historical sites and magnificent natural scenery. Taohuayin was selected as the construction site of the Zhou Enlai Memorial in 1986. Standing by Taohuayin Lake, the three-storey main hall of the Zhou Enlai Memorial is 26 meters high. Outside of the main hall is square while the inside is octagonal. The late leader Deng Xiaoping (1904-1997) inscribed the gilded glittering Chinese characters “Zhou Enlai Memorial” in the main hall. Four granite pillars support the quadrilateral roof, each of them 24 meters high.
The ground floor is an exhibition hall where 199 pictures and 48 material objects and precious historical files are on display, showing the great lifetime achievements of Zhou Enlai. The exhibits focus on eight topics recording the big events of Zhou’s life. In the exhibition hall, there are five TV sets showing the late premier’s fascinating life. Tourists can also listen to his voice.
On the second floor, there is a white marble-sitting statue of Zhou Enlai, which is 4.7-meter high. Zhou is wearing an overcoat and sitting on a rock with a book in his hands. He gazes fixedly and his brows are knitted.
The ceiling of the hall is glass through which the blue sky can be Seen and the sunshine dapples the statue of Zhou Enlai. The third floor is an open sightseeing platform, on which visitors either can look at the natural beauty of the lake around the memorial or overlook the new façade of the ancient city.
A museum of effects used by Zhou Enlai has been built beside his former residence of Zhou. The museum keeps the original appearance of the west parlour of Zhongnanhai in Beijing, where Zhou Enlai and his wife Deng Yingchao (1904-1992) lived for 27 years. It has 21 showrooms, including weight rooms decorated in accordance with Zhou’s house in Zhongnanhai. The museum also displays photographs, manuscripts and some of Zhou’s belongings. Huai’an has a population of 5.03 million, encompassing 10,030 square kilometers.
(The city tree is the camphor tree and its flowers being the plum blossom and azalea.) Wuxi, in Jiangsu Province, the second largest city in Jiangsu Province, is located on the Yangtze River Delta. Known as one of the four “little dragons” of Southeast China due to its progress in carrying out economic reforms, the city of Wuxi is often associated with silk production. Although originally name Youxi (“with tin”)—which referred to the local tin mines being worked during the Zhou Dynasty (1046-256 BC)---the name was changed to Wuxi (“without tin”) during the Han Dynasty (206 BC—AD220), when tin supplies were exhausted.
The city is an industrial and resort city on the north ban of Lake Tai (Tai Hu), one of China’s five largest lakes. Wuxi covers an area of 4,778 square kilometers with a population of 4.47 million.
On a bicycle tour of Wuxi, delegates will visit the No One Silk Filature and Huishan Clay Figure Workshop, highlighting two of the most famous Chinese industries: silk and porcelain; as well as Xihui Park and Jichang (Ease of Mind) Garden.
Wuxi was granted the honour of “State-Level Example Area for Environmental Protection” by the State Environmental Protection Administration in late 2000. The city has built a high-quality wastewater treatment system, an advanced rubbish center and a central heating system. An industrial and household waste is treated. The city is working to attract environmentally friendly foreign-funded projects.
Li Garden 蠡园
The garden sits in a quiet nook by the lakeside. Legend relates that during the Warring States period (770-476 BC), the State of Yue, Fan Li 范蠡, a politician, saw that the King was a narrow-minded person. Knowing it would be difficult to work for the King for long, he resigned his post. Soon after his resignation, he and his wife Xishi (the name of a famous beauty in the late Spring and Autumn period), a celebrated beauty in Chinese history, went boating on Lake Tai in the moonlight and lodged for the night by the lakeside. The garden was built here and named after him. Though not very large, the garden was carefully designed. Entering by a gate resembling a full moon, the tourist steps onto a paved path at the end of which rises a tall artificial hill. From the top of the hill, the tourist sees exquisite pavilions and dainty bridges over ponds and streams, with the lake as the backdrop. Beyond the hill the tourist comes to a long gallery with one side opened to the lake. There are altogether 89 windows on the inside wall, each painted with a different design. No two are the same. Carved on the wall are inscriptions by many noted poet Su Dongpo苏东坡 (1037-1101), and together with Huang Tingjian 黄庭坚、Mi Fu米芾、Cai Xiang 蔡襄 were reputed as the “Song-dynasty Fout Letters of Men 宋四大家”.
More About Jiangsu Province
- Nanjing Introduction
Nanjing Introduction Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities.
- Suzhou Introduction
Suzhou Introduction Suzhou known for its resplendent gardens and beautiful scenery.
- Yangzhou Introduction
Yangzhou Introduction Yangzhou dates back to more than 2,500 years ago.
- Zhenjiang Introduction
Zhenjiang Introduction Zhenjiang is situated in the central part of Jiangsu Province at the confluence of the southern Yangtze River and the Grand Canal.