Hunan Province, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
Random photo: Impressions of China
Hunan Province lies in the south of the middle Yangtze River valley, with its name meaning "south of the lake" because most of the Province is located on the south of the Dongting Lake. Situated 108'47"-114'13" east longitude and 24'38"-30'08" north latitude, it has an area of 210,000 square kilometers.
Hunan in the sub-tropical area has a warm climate, with cold, short winters and hot, long summers. It has four clearly contrasted seasons, abundant rainfall, and a mean annual precipitation of 1,300-1,700 mm. Its mean annual temperature is 16oC-18.5oC -- the hottest month, July, averaging 26-30oC and the coldest month, January, 4-7oC.
Administrative Division and Population
It is divided into 1 autonomous prefecture, 13 prefecture-level cities, 16 county-level cities, 65 counties and 7 autonomous counties, with a population of 64.40 million by 2000, mainly including ethnic groups of Han, Tu, Miao, Hui, Dong, Yao, Hui, Uygur, and Zhuang, etc.
Xiang Cuisine (Hunan Cuisine) is one of the Eight Great Cuisines in China. Famous dishes include Dong'an Chicken, Peppery and Hot Chicken (Hot and Spicy Chicken), Orange Beef, Sweet and Sour Chicken, and Crispy Duck, etc.
Xiang Opera, Huagu (Flower Drum), Shadow Plays, and Flower Lamp, etc.
Special Local Product
The traditional local specialties include Changsha Xiang Embroidery, Liuyang Fireworks and Firecrackers, Yueyang Fan, Changsha Xiang Lotus, and Yueyang Whitebait (salangid), etc.
Hunan Province, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital. According to archaeological finds and recorded history, there were human beings living in this area more than 8,000 years ago. Hunan Province was officially set up in 1664 during the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911).
Hunan is known as the land of fish and rice because of plentiful production of rice, cotton, tung oil, orange, and fresh water fishes. It is also noted as the home for rich mineral resources.
Hunan Province is famous for its picturesque scenery. There are places of historic interest and scenic beauty, such as Yuelu Mountain, Hengshan Mountain, Jiuyi Mountain, the Yueyang Tower, the Dongting Lake and Wulingyuan Scenic and Historic Interest Area.
There are a lot of celebrities in Hunan history, and the most famous are: Qu Yuan, a great poet and one of the four ancient cultural celebrities in the world; Cai Lun, who invented papermaking and made the first piece of fabric paper in the world; Qi Baishi, the most famous contemporary Chinese painter; Mao Zedong, the founder of the People's Republic of China; Yuan Longping, who is well known in the world for the rice-hybriding skill. The former residences of these celebrities and sites of some revolutionary events, as well as the distinctive ethical folk arts of Miao and Tu ethnic minorities in Hunan, are quite worth a visit.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government on July 1, 1997.
- Hubei Province
Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Government on December 20, 1999.
- Ningxia Province
Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.