Fuzhou is an ancient city with a history of more than 2,100 years.
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It is one of the fourteen open coastal cities in China. Situated by the East Sea and in the lower reaches of the Min River, this area of 12,153 square kilometers is populated with 5.83 million people. The city tree is Banyan 福州市树是榕树. Jasmine flower is known as the symbolic flower of the city.
The city of Fuzhou is alternatively called Three Hills. The Yu, Wu and Screen Hills, all verdant with flourishing trees and grass, form a triangle inside the city. The White and Black Pagodas, elegant and slim as they are, face each other from the Yu and Wu hills. The Min River flows through the city, carrying along with it the reflections of trees and flowers. As it is said, “Three Hills, Two Pagodas and a River” constitute the unique landscape of Fuzhou City. The banyan is the symbolic tree of the city. Since the Song Dynasty (960-1279), this kind of trees have been planted all over the city, and as a local saying goes : “Green shade is the cover of the city, and no other is needed in summer.” Ancient banyan trees, shaped like umbrellas and luxuriant with all the youthfulness, offer a comfortable coolness to courtyards. Thus, the city is also called Banyan City. Jasmine flower is known as the symbolic flower of the city. The broad modern avenues and little ancient lanes are permeated with the sweet scent of jasmines, which contend with the Yulan magnolia, banana shrub and orchid, blazing the city with a riot of colour, brimming it with aroma and bringing about the name to the city “Hometown of Flowers and Fruits.”
Fuzhou has a honourable title “Civilization by the East Sea.” Since the establishment of the city under ; the reign of Song Dynasty Gaozhu over one thousand years ago. The city has even served as the capital either to the king’s prefecture or emperor’s state or today’s province. The rock-face inscriptions in the Drum Mountain, the Luoxing Tower in Mawei, the Great Iron Buddha in the Kaiyuan Temple and the Jinshan Temple amid the Min River, along with the hundred and more historic sites, have recorded the glory of Fuzhou City. The historical figures such as Lin Zexu, Yan Fu, Sha Zhenbing, Zheng Zhenduo and Gao Shiqi, have always aroused the pride in the hearts of Fuzhou people. The “Treasure Land” Fuzhou has become more and more glamorous today.
Lin Zexu Memorial Hall 林则徐纪念馆
Lin Zexu (1785-1850), a native of Fuzhou City, was a national hero in modern times. Since childhood, his diligence led to his success to become a candidate in the imperial examination. In his forty years’ career as an official, he obtained great achievements, such as the reduction of crop taxes, harness of the Yellow River, the build-up of the coast defence and stationing troops to reclaim wasteland. The most outstanding of his deed was his resolute elimination of the opium trade in 1939, when he was acting as an imperial envoy to Guangdong on the mission, and had 1,185.000 kilograms of opium destroyed at Humen beach, thus greatly inspiring the Chinese people throughout the country and fiercely discouraging the American and English opium traders. To commemorate his tremendous contributions, people built the Hall of Master Lin on the Women Road in the city proper, which was renamed the Memorial Hall of Li Zexu in 1982. The Inscription Pavilion in the hall keeps three stone tablets on which are inscribed the imperial edict, funeral oration and biography of Lin Zexu. Emperor Daoguang (1821-1850) of the Qing Dynasty bestowed the tablets at Lin’s death. Displayed in the hall are also Lin’s poems, notes seals, five tablets of his copy of Huangpu’s inscription written by a Tang-dynasty calligrapher Ouyang Xun (557-641), and other relics Lin Zuxu left behind.
Mount Drum 鼓山
Mount Drum, a major scenic attraction in Fuzhou, has enjoyed a long history and reputation. As early as the Jin Dynasty, it was appraised as one of “The Two Matchless Scenic Beauties in Fujian Province.” Lying 10 kilometers southeast of the city on the northern side of the Min River , the beautiful mountain with four peaks named Lion, White Cloud, Alms Bowl 钵盂 (of a Buddhist monk ) offers over 160 sites of interest, centered by the Gushing Spring Temple. Since ancient times, men of letters and celebrities vied to visit the place, wrote poems and had their inscriptions carved on rocks, adding to the attraction of the mountain.
The Gushing Spring Temple 涌泉寺, half-way up the mountain, proves the best of its kind in Fujian Province, with a history of more than 1,000 years. Emperor Kangxi (1654-1722, reigned 1662-1722) of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) wrote the inscription: “the Gushing Spring Temple” on the lintel of the entrance. In front of the Temple stand two earthen pagodas made in the 1080 of the Northern Song Dynasty. Each of the seven-meter-high, nine-storey octagonal pagodas has 1,038 figures of Buddhas, 72 monks and warriors and same number of bells carved on its sides, all vivid and true to life.
Out of the rear of the temple, a path leads to the summit of Mount Drum, with an elevation of 925 meters, a place, which lends itself to a magnificent view of the sunrise. In front of the temple, a 2,145-step flagstone path, accompanied by an 8.5-kilometer-long spiral highway, goes down to the office block at the foot of the mountain. To the west of the Temple stand the famous Eighteen Caves. To the east, past the Rolling Dragon Pavilion, through a thick forest, a quiet path leads to the Lingyuan Cave, where jagged, grotesque rocks cover the ground and towering ancient trees give heavy shade to the deep, old pool. Connected with the place are many beautiful tales and myths. On the rocks are more than 300 inscriptions over the past nine hundred years Since the Song Dynasty (960-1279), which deserves the title of a museum of Chinese calligraphy for the full variety of styles—from the regular script真书 , cursive script 草书,seal character 篆书to official script隶书 .
Fungus-flossy ganoderma (ganoderma lucidum; used in medicine; formerly credited with miraculous powers and considered a symbol of good luck)
West Lake 西湖
West Lake, at the foot of the Crouching Dragon Mountain in the northwestern suburbs of Fuzhou City, was dug in 282 of the Western Jin Dynasty (165-361) by Governor Yan Gao. The project was originally meant for irrigation. In the Five Dynasties (907-960), King Min Wang Shenzhi’s second son, who later succeeded his father as a king, built a royal park by the lake and declared it “The Crystal Palace” The small park consisted of some pavilions and halls. After the Song Dynasty, the lake experienced several silt-ups. But the dredging and restoration of it eventually shaped it into an entertaining place for celebrities and officials. Opened as a park in 1914, the area has been expanded five times (from 3.62 hectares to 18.37 hectares), enclosing the Mount Dameng and Guanjia Village. There are three islets such as Kaihua, Xieping and Yaojiao, with Jade Belt Bridge, the Flying Rainbow Bridge, and Walking-on-Cloud Bridge radiating from it . The bridges connect the several islets to make the park and integral unit. Around the lake are a zoo, a Provincial museum and a cinema, which have become an ideal place for visitors’ entertainment.
Qingjing Mosque 清净寺
First built in 1009 during the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Qingjing Mosque in Quanzhou in one of the five most time-honoured, best preserved and biggest Qingjing Mosque in the Islamic world. The Mosque was designed after the Mosque in Damascus, Syria, and built with pure granite. Its pointed-arch portal, 20 meters high, has three layers, outer, middle and inner. The outer and middle layers are similar to the caisson ceiling in the Chinese ancient architecture. The vaulted inner layer took on the architectural style of thr ancient Arab. Standing under the vault, visitors can realize the time-honoured cultural exchange between China and foreign countries.
More About The Fujian Province
- Fuzhou Introduction
Fuzhou is an ancient city with a history of more than 2,100 years.
The and Their Earthen Buildings.
- Mazu Culture
Over 4.000 Mazu temples are found all over the world.
- Mount Wuyi
National Tourism Resort.
The Kaiyuan Temple in .
- Xiamen Introduction
Sub-tropically maritime in climate, Xiamen is warm with flowers blossoming year-roung.