According to new archaeological findings, the history of Fujian dates back to about 10,000 years.
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The province boasts 19key historical sites for national preservation, such as the Kaiyuan Temple, and Qingjing Mosque in Quanzhou, the Anping Bridge in Jinjing, and the big hall of the Hualin Temple in Fuzhou; and 11 key historical sites for provincial preservation. There are three historical cities of culture, Fuzhou, Quanzhou, and Zhangzhou.
The three religions of the world, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam, all have relatively deep foundation in Fujian Province. Fujian boasts 14 of the 142 key Buddhist monasteries in China, standing in the forefront of all the provinces. The Qingjing Mosque is one of the most ancient Islamic mosques in China.
Over 8 million overseas Chinese and foreign citizens of Chinese origin out of 30 million overseas Chinese were from Fujian. Fujian is also the ancestral homeland of 80％ of Taiwan compatriots. About one million Hong Kong and Macao residents form the long-term, stable source of tourists for Fujian.
Fujian is featured with towering mountains and beautiful peaks. Among them, Mount Wuyi, mount Qingyuan, and Wanshi Rock—Xiamen and Gulangyu, and Mount Tailao have been listed national key scenic spots. In addition, Fujian also boasts more than 3,300 kilometers of coastal line, over 1,200 islands and several hundred bays and sand beaches.
Beside the Han nationality, Fujian has 31 national minorities including She, Hui, Meng, Man, and Gaoshan. Among them, the She nationality has a population of equal to half of the population of the She nationality in China, and their national customs are very colourful and attractive.
One of the main tea producing centres in China. Fujian has a warm climate and is known as “the kingdom of tea variety.” It is the birthplace of red tea, black tea, white tea and jasmine tea.
Fujian has special local products such as Wolong Tea, fruits and narcissus flowers are of great reputation. Fujian (Min) cooking style is one of the 8 famous cooking styles in China. Handicrafts such as Shoushan stone carving, lacquer ware and cork painting are well known far and wide.
Qingjing Mosque 清净寺
First built in 1009 during the Song Dynasty (960-1279), Qingjing Mosque in Quanzhou in one of the five most time-honoured, best preserved and biggest Qingjing Mosque in the Islamic world. The Mosque was designed after the Mosque in Damascus, Syria, and built with pure granite. Its pointed-arch portal, 20 meters high, has three layers, outer, middle and inner. The outer and middle layers are similar to the caisson ceiling in the Chinese ancient architecture. The vaulted inner layer took on the architectural style of thr ancient Arab. Standing under the vault, visitors can realize the time-honoured cultural exchange between China and foreign countries.
Qingyuan (The North) Hill 清源（北）山
With the highest peak being more than 490 meters above sea level, Qingyuan Hill, also known as the North Hill, lies 3 kilometers to the north of Quanzhou. Celebrated for its springs and rocks, the lofty, rolling peaks form an ethereal scene with their deep gullies and caves. Of the 36 well-known caves on the hill, some are formed naturally and while the others are man-made. They all have their own characteristics. People first noted the beauty of the Hill in the Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC). The succeeding dynasties have bestowed the Hill with numerous sights of historical and cultural interest. There are nine huge, well preserved Taoist and Buddhist sculptures from the Five Dynasties (907-906). Many celebrated scholars built their abodes on Qingyuan Hill, teaching and writing in seclusion. These men of letters left lots of calligraphy works inscribed on the cliffs. Mi Fu 米芾 (1051-1107)[Mi Fu, together with Cai Xiang蔡襄 (1012-1067),Su Shi苏轼 (1037-1101) and Huang Tingjian黄庭坚 (1045-1105)] were reputed as four great masters of calligraphy and paintings of the Song Dynasty, a noted calligrapher and painter of the Northern Song Dynasty, wrote “The Supreme Hill,” which is still an important model for learners of calligraphy today. There were also many scholars studying or practicing Buddhism on the hill. The numerous literary quotations, legends and fairy tales about the Hill have deepened its cultural significance. Among the cultural relics and historical spots, the statue of Laozi (c.604-531 BC) is perhaps the most worthy of a visit. Laozi lived more than 2,000 years ago and founded Taoism in China. The stone statue is 5.6 meters high and 8 meters wide; it was created over 1,000 years ago and still stands as the largest Taoist statue in China. Although the statue is located on a low hill, it is always shrouded in cloud and mist, making the Hill fresh and green all year round. Taoist monasteries were first built in Quanzhou as early as the Western Jin Dynasty (256-361). The statue of Laozi was originally sheltered in a temple, which collapsed a long time ago. The statue shows Laozi putting his left hand on his knee and his right hand on a chair. It captures the old man’s happy distance from worldly affairs. His forehead, eyes, ears and moustache were carved with artistic exaggeration. The entire body manifests both softness and strength. The statue is no doubt a representative work of art, possessing both the grace and strength typical of stone carving in the Song Dynasty. Halfway up the left peak of the Hill is a stone chamber sheltered by trees. Built in 1364 during the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368), the 5.6-meter-wide chamber was set up against a crag. The chamber has a statue of the Buddha Amitabha. The 5.7-meter high statue always strikes the tourist with its serene look. The Buddha’s right hand dangles at the side of the body and the left hand is raised in front of his chest. With feet bare, he stands on a giant lotus flower. During the Ming Dynasty, the statue was gilded with gold and people constructed a house to protect it from sun and rain. Further up the hill, the tourist can reach the Ruixiang Grotto 瑞像岩，where an even grander statue awaits the tourist. Sakyamuni, founder of Buddhism, stands 4.6 meters high with a solemn, respective, benevolent and generous manner. Created in 1087 during the Northern Song Dynasty, the statue is a fine piece of art and a religious relic. Opposite the grotto stand the Arhats Peaks, which consist of 18 giant rocks that look like human figures. Ancient people called the rocks “18 Arhats Worshipping Sakyamuni.”
More About The Fujian Province
- Fuzhou Introduction
Fuzhou Introduction Fuzhou is an ancient city with a history of more than 2,100 years.
Hakkas The Hakkas and Their Earthen Buildings.
- Mazu Culture
Mazu Culture Over 4.000 Mazu temples are found all over the world.
- Mount Wuyi
Mount Wuyi Mount Wuyi National Tourism Resort.
Quanzhou The Kaiyuan Temple in Quanzhou.
- Xiamen Introduction
Xiamen Introduction Sub-tropically maritime in climate, Xiamen is warm with flowers blossoming year-roung.