Provinces of the People's Republic of China. There are 33 such divisions, classified as 22 provinces, four municipalities, five autonomous regions, and two special administrative regions.
Random photo: Impressions of China
The world's third largest country, ranking after Russia and Canada, China has a land area of about 9.6 million square kilometers, making up 6.5 percent of earth's land mass.
Approximately 98 percent of China's land area is located between 20 and 50 north latitude. In climate, the greater part of the country belongs to the temperate zone (i.e., the cold-temperate, temperate, and warm-temperate zones) and the subtropical zone, which respectively account for 45.6 and 26.1 percent of China's land area.
The territory of China extends about 5,200 kilometers from the Pamirs (longitude 73o40' E) in western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region to the eastern corner of the boundary marker (longitude 135o5' E) at the confluence of the Heilong and Wusuli Rivers. From north to south, it measures some 5,500 kilometers, stretching from the borderline (latitude 53o31'N) in the Heilong River north of the town of Mohe to the Zengmu Reef (latitude 4o15' N) at the southernmost tip of the South China Sea Islands. The length of the land boundary is 22,000 kilometers and the mainland coastline, 18,000 kilometers (32,000 kilometers with the coastlines of the 5,000 or more offshore islands included).
China has a vast sea area, its domain extending into the Bohai Sea, the Yellow Sea, the East China Sea, and the South China Sea. Contiguous to each other, the four seas form a northeast southwest arc covering a total area of 4.78 million square kilometers.
China is bordered by Korea in the northeast; Russia and Mongolia in the north; Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and India in the southwest; and Burma, Laos and Vietnam in the south. Across the seas to the east and southeast it faces Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Brunei and Indonesia.
Administratively, China is divided into three basic levels: provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities directly under the Central Government), counties (cities, banners, special districts, industrial-agricultural district, forest district), and townships (towns). There are twenty-three provinces, five autonomous regions, and three municipalities directly under the Central Government. The administrative units under a province or an autonomous region include prefectures, autonomous prefectures, leagues, cities, counties, autonomous counties, banners, and autonomous banners. Under a county or an autonomous county are townships, nationality townships, and towns. The municipalities directly under the Central Government and large cities are divided into districts and counties, while the autonomous prefectures are divided into counties, autonomous counties, and cities. The autonomous regions, autonomous prefectures, and autonomous counties are all nationality areas.
More about the provinces of China
- Anhui Province
Anhui Province Anhui Province is called Wan for short, with Hefei as its capital city.
- Beijing Province
Beijing Province Beijing is the one of the birthplaces of Chinese Civilization and one of the six ancient capital cities in China.
- Chongqing Province
Chongqing Province Chongqing is called Yu for short. It is situated in the southeast of the Sichuan Basin and the confluence between the Yangtze River and the Jialing River.
- Fujian Province
Fujian Province Fujian has well-developed agriculture, forestry and fishery. Its mild, humid, subtropical and marine climate is especially conducive to crop production.
- Gansu Province
Gansu Province Gansu Province is also called Long or Gan for short. It is the cradle of Chinese culture.
- Guangdong Province
Guangdong Province Guangdong is bounded by the South China Sea and is the southern gateway of China.
- Guangxi Province
Guangxi Province The Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Gui for short, is named after its history as the prefecture of Guilin County in the Qin Dynasty
- Guizhou Province
Guizhou Province The landforms with widely dispersed karst topography in Guizhou Province have created picturesque scenery with grandeur.
- Hainan Province
Hainan Province What particularly attracts tourists, both domestic and foreign, to Hainan is its characteristic beauty of south China with sunshine, beaches, seawater and hot springs.
- Hebei Province
Hebei Province As Hebei surrounds the nation's capital, Beijing, it is a geographically important province.
- Heilongjiang Province
Heilongjiang Province Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjlang Province is the province with the longest winters.
- Henan Province
Henan Province Henan, an agricultural province, lies in the middle-lower reaches of the Yellow River.
- Hong Kong SAR
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Hong Kong, with an area of 1071.8 square kilometers, is a Special Administrative Region of China since China resumed its sovereignty from the British Government...
- Hubei Province
Hubei Province Renowned as the Province of a Thousand Lakes, Hubei abounds in natural, historic and cultural resources.
- Hunan Province
Hunan Province Hunan Province, known as Xiang for short, is located at the south bank of the middle reaches of the Yangtze River, with Changsha as its provincial capital.
- Inner Mongolia Province
Inner Mongolia Province The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is also called Inner Mongolia for short, with Hohhot as its capital city.
- Jiangsu Province
Jiangsu Province Jiangsu boasts the largest number of historical and cultural cities in China.
- Jiangxi Province
Jiangxi Province Jiangxi lies to the south of the Yangtze River valley, and is named for being situated west of the Ganjiang River.
- Jilin Province
Jilin Province Jilin Province is called Ji for short, whose capital city is Changchun.
- Liaoning Province
Liaoning Province Liaoning Province in the southern part of northeast China is bounded by the Yellow Sea and the Bohai Sea in the south, with a coastline 2,187 kilometers long.
- Macao SAR
Macao Special Administrative Region Comprising of the Macao Peninsula, Taipa and Coloane islands, Macao is a Special Administrative Region since China resumed its sovereignty from the Portuguese Gover...
- Ningxia Province
Ningxia Province Ning is the short shortened form for the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, with Yinchuan as its capital city.
- Qinghai Province
Qinghai Province Qinghai lies in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and the Yellow river valleys in the southern part of northwestern China.
- Shaanxi Province
Shaanxi Province Shaanxi Province is called Shaan for short, with Xi'an as the provincial capital.
- Shandong Province
Shandong Province Shandong is a key production area of grain, cotton and oil crops.
- Shanghai Province
Shanghai Province Shanghai is one of the four municipalities directly under the Central Government.
- Shanxi Province
Shanxi Province The land of Shanxi is one of the origins of Chinese civilization, exhibiting evidence of human settlement over a million years ago.
- Sichuan Province
Sichuan Province Sichuan, generally classified as a rice region, abounds in agricultural products.
- Tianjin Province
Tianjin Province Tianjin is one of the four centrally administered municipalities. In ancient times, this area was part of the sea stretching to the horizon.
- Tibet Province
Tibet Province Tibet Autonomous Region is located on southwest China border areas, with Lhasa as the provincial capital.
- Xinjiang Province
Xinjiang Province The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region is located in Northwest China, with its capital city in Urumqi.
- Yunnan Province
Yunnan Province Yunnan is the province with biggest number of ethnic minorities in China.
- Zhejiang Province
Zhejiang Province Zhejiang Province, which is reputed as the Land of Silk and produces one third of China's raw silk, brocade and satin, lies on the southeastern coast.