The population of the world's largest country and the ethnic peoples of the People's Republic of China.
Random photo: Menschen in China
China, as the world's most populous nation, has a Population of over 1.3 billion, or 19.7 percent of the global total. According to the 2010 census, 91.51% of the Population was of the Han Chinese, and 8.49% were minorities. China now has an increasingly aging population; it is projected that 11.8% of the Population in 2020 will be 65 years of age and older.
Out of every five persons living in this world, one is a Chinese. East China has the highest Population density, and this is especially so in coastal plains, where there are 500-600 residents per square km. West China has the lowest Population density, averaging no more than 50 residents per square km. More than 300 million Chinese live in urban areas, and more than 800 million are rural residents. Planned parenthood has been a state policy since the 1970s, with a purpose to control over-growth in population.
China is the most populated country in the world and its national Population density (137/km2) is similar to those of Switzerland and the Czech Republic. The overall Population density of China conceals major regional variations, the western and northern part have a few million people, while eastern half has about 1.3 billion. The vast majority of China's population lives near the east in major cities.
A multiracial country, China is home to 56 Ethnic peoples: Han, Manchu, Mongol, Hui, Zang, Uygur, Miao, Yi, Zhuang, Buyi, Korean, Dong, Yao, Bai, Tujia, Hani, Kazakh, Di, Li, Lisu, Va, She, Gaoshan, Lahu, Shui, Dongxiang, Naxi, Jingpo, Khalkhas, Tu, Daur, Mulao, Qiang, Bulang, Sala, Maonan, Gelao, Sibo, Achang, Parni, Tajik, Nu, Uzbek, Russian, Owenk, Deang, Paoan, Yugur, Jing, Tatar, Dulong, Olunchun, Hezhen, Moinba, Luoba and Jino. The Hans account nearly 92 percent of the total population, while the other 55 Ethnic peoples are known as minorities for their small populations. All the Ethnic groups are equal regardless of Population size. The state protects the lawful rights and interests of Ethnic minorities, maintains and promotes equality, unity and mutual help between them. Ethnic autonomy has been instituted in regions, prefectures, counties and townships where minority peoples live in compact communities.
The largest distinct Ethnic group of People's Republic of China (PRC) are Han, who constitute 91.51% of the total Population in 2010. Ethnic minorities constitute 8.49% or 113.8 million of China's population in 2010. During the past decades Ethnic minorities have experienced higher growth rates than the majority Han population, because they are not under the one-child policy. Their proportion of the Population in China has grown from 6.1% in 1953, to 8.04% in 1990, 8.41% in 2000 and 8.49% in 2010. Large Ethnic minorities (data According to the 2000 census) include the Zhuang (16 million, 1.28%), Manchu (10 million, 0.84%), Uyghur (9 million, 0.78%), Hui (9 million, 0.71%), Miao (8 million, 0.71%), Yi (7 million, 0.61%), Tujia (5.75 million, 0.63%), Mongols (5 million, 0.46%), Tibetan (5 million, 0.43%), Buyi (3 million, 0.23%), and Korean (2 million, 0.15%).
Geographically speaking, the Hans are all over the country, but most of them are in east and central China. In frontier regions, they mingle with other Ethnic groups. Most Ethnic minority people live in southwest, northwest and northeast China.
The demographics of the People's Republic of China are identified by a large Population with a relatively small youth division, which is partially a result of the China's one-child policy. China's Population growth has been somewhat slowed by the one child policy, in effect since 1979. China's Population growth rate is only 0.47%, ranking 156th in the world.
As recently as 1950, China's Population was a mere 563 million. The Population grew dramatically through the following decades to one billion in the early 1980s.
China's total fertility rate is 1.7, which means that, on average, each woman gives birth to 1.7 children throughout her life. The necessary total fertility rate for a stable Population is 2.1; nonetheless, China's Population is expected to grow over the next few decades. This can be attributed to immigration and a decrease in infant mortality and a decrease in death rate as national health improves.
Future challenges for China will be the gender disparity. According to the 2010 census, males account for 51.27% of China's 1.34 billion people, while females made up 48.73% of the total. The sex ratio (the number of males for each female in a population) at birth was 118.06% in 2010, higher than the 116.86% of 2000, but 0.53 points lower than the ratio of 118.59% in 2005. In most western countries the sex ratio at birth is around 105 boys to 100 girls (51.22%).
More About The Chinese Population
- Chinese Ethnic Minority
Chinese Ethnic Minority China's history is a story of an immense land with several diverse tribes.